Large language models (LLMs) have the most potential to
benefit jobs that involve critical thinking and complex problem-solving skills,
according to a new World Economic Forum white paper.
The white paper ‘’Jobs of Tomorrow: Large Language Models
and Jobs'' finds that LLMs could be a boon for jobs that require critical
thinking, complex problem-solving skills and creativity, including those in
engineering, mathematics and scientific analysis. These tools could benefit
workers by increasing the productivity of routine tasks and making their roles
more rewarding and focused on a higher added value. This paper takes a
structured approach to understanding the direct impact of LLMs on specific
“Generative AI is poised to impact labour markets
significantly, but this impact will be highly different across different
roles,” said Saadia Zahidi, Managing Director, World Economic Forum. “Business
leaders, policy-makers and employees must collaborate on harnessing the
potential of new jobs while managing displacement and ensuring a future of work
that empowers and elevates people.”
According to the analysis, which examined more than 19,000
distinct tasks across 867 different occupations likely to be impacted by LLMs,
the industries with the highest estimates of overall potential exposure – both
in automation and augmentation – are financial services and capital markets,
along with insurance and pension management.
As LLMs advance, new roles will also be created, including
AI developers, interface and interaction designers, AI content creators, data
curators and specialists in AI ethics and governance.